Date of Award
Master of Science in Chemical Engineering - (M.S.)
Chemical Engineering and Chemistry
Wing T. Wong
Dana E. Knox
A mathematical model to predict temperature profiles and coking of crude oil in furnace tubes is presented. The model assumes that the coking mechanism is due to a reaction in the laminar sublayer, whose rate depends upon the temperature profile. That profile is obtained by a numerical solution of the appropriate transport equations, with velocity profiles that may be laminar or turbulent, and including the temperature dependence of the crude oil properties. In addition, velocity and temperature profiles were adjusted when necessary to ensure closure of the heat and material balances. As a by-product of this study, a correction was found necessary to Nikuradse's formulation. of the turbulent velocity profile in order to ensure material balance closure. Comparisons are shown between the model and the limited published data.
Polimeni, Joseph C., "Mathematical model of temperature profiles and coking in a crude oil heater tube" (1983). Theses. 2102.