Date of Award
Master of Science in Chemical Engineering - (M.S.)
Chemical Engineering, Chemistry and Environmental Science
Roland A. Levy
Norman W. Loney
James M. Grow
Titanium tetrachioride and ammonia were used as precursors in a Jow pressure chemical vapor deposition process to deposit titanium nitride films on silicon wafers. The process was carried out at temperatures from 450 to 850°C and the activation energy for the reaction was determined. The order of the reaction, with respect to the partial pressures of the reactant gases, was determined by carrying out the reaction at varying partial pressures of the reactant gases. The following rate equation was established for the reaction:
rate = 4.35*10-5exp(-5150/T)*(PNH3)1.37(PTicl4)-0.42
The titanium nitride thin films deposited were characterized for properties like resistivity, stress, hardness, and density. The effects of varying the process parameters (temperature, flow ratio, etc.) on these film properties were studied.
Dharmadhikari, Sameer Narsinha, "Low pressure chemical vapor deposition (LPCVD) of titanium nitride : synthesis and characterization" (1999). Theses. 847.