Document Type


Date of Award

Spring 5-31-1999

Degree Name

Master of Science in Applied Chemistry - (M.S.)


Chemical Engineering, Chemistry and Environmental Science

First Advisor

Henry Shaw

Second Advisor

Howard David Perlmutter

Third Advisor

Daniel Watts


Pollution from manufacturing processes of the major energetic materials currently used in the U.S., 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazacyclohexane (RDX), 1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7 tetraazacyclooctane (HMX) was briefly evaluated. It was found that acetic acid was a major pollutant. It appeared that the British Process could be controlled to reduce the polluting effluents better than the Bachmann Process used in the U.S. Most of the effort for producing the next generation of energetic materials is currently centered around the production of 1,3,3-trinitroazetidine (TNAZ). We evaluated five synthetic routes for producing TNAZ. We reduced the number of potential processes by carefully considering possible changes in the schemes that would allow them to become a sustainable green manufacturing process. The two most likely methods to manufacture TNAZ in a sustainable green manufacturing process are those due to Axenrod [1], [2], and Coburn and Hiskey [3], [4]. A methodology used to identify, assess, and prioritize pollution prevention approaches due to Pojascek [5] was applied to the two processes. It was found that both schemes could be improved substantially.

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Chemistry Commons