Date of Award

Fall 2010

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Computer Engineering - (M.S.)

Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

MengChu Zhou

Second Advisor

Jie Hu

Third Advisor

Jingong Pan

Abstract

As wireless communication evolves wireless sensors have begun to be integrated into society more and more. As these sensors are used to a greater extent newer and better ways to keep them working optimally have begun to surface. One such method aims to further the sensors energy independence on humans. This technique is known as energy scavenging. The logic behind energy scavenging is to allow the device to have its own reliable source of energy that does not require upkeep, has a long life expectancy, and does not completely rely on an internal power source. The aim of this thesis is to research techniques for indoor energy scavenging for sensor that is used to monitor patients in a hospital.

There are numerous techniques to achieve energy scavenging in wireless sensor networks. Multiple scavenging methods are known such as vibration energy, thermoelectric energy, and photovoltaic energy. All of these methods were analyzed and compared to see which would be optimal for the situation the sensor would be put in. Other techniques come into play to help the efficiency of the sensor network. These methods were also examined to help the energy scavenging to be more feasible.

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