Date of Award

Spring 2006

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering - (M.S.)

Department

Mechanical Engineering

First Advisor

Rajesh N. Dave

Second Advisor

Edward L. Dreyzin

Third Advisor

Mirko Schoenitz

Abstract

The objective of this investigation is to improve the mixture homogeneity of, Boron and Barium Chromate, a delay composition called T-10, using a novel dry mixing technique, , called the Magnetic Assisted Impaction Mixing (MAIM). Two additional mixing methods, ultra-sonic mixing and shaker mixing (dry and wet), were used for comparative analysis, to evaluate the mixing effectiveness of the MAIM which was also compared to two Navy mixed T-l0 samples. Characterization of the homogeneity is described by how well boron is effectively distributed throughout the mixture, which is a challenging task since the mixture's composition is 3% Boron versus 97% of Barium Chromate by weight, because boron has a low energy signature in energy dispersive x-ray (EDX) analysis. Qualitative mixing characterization was done using Field Emission-Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM) with an ESB detector which provides higher Z contrast at extremely low accelerating voltage, resulting in higher spatial resolution and other systems such as Particle Size Analyzer (LS-230). The results indicate that the new MAIM techniques produces a mixture with a significantly improved homogeneity and a narrow particle size distribution due to its ability to break down large powder aggregates at a fraction of the time compared to the current Navy wet mixing processes, eliminates downstream processing associated with drying, and shows improved performance in majority of combustion propagation bum tests.

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