Document Type


Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Science in Chemical Engineering - (M.S.)


Chemical Engineering

First Advisor

James A. Bradley

Second Advisor

C. L. Mantell

Third Advisor

Saul I. Kreps


An alkanolamide detergent can be formed by the condensation of coconut fatty acid and diethanolamine. A great many factors can influence this formation. It is shown that varying the molar ratio of amine to acid, results in a change in the fraction of acid converted. It similarly affects the molar quantities of amine converted. Molar conversion of acid or amine is dependent upon the type of atmosphere in the reaction; more acid is converted when a nitrogen sweep is employed than when it is not used. However, proportionately more amine is converted, when a nitrogen sweep is not used. When two mole of water are distilled, there is evidence of a second reaction occurring. This phenomenon is not observed when just one mol of water is removed. The most probable second reaction involves the formation of cyclic ethers.



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