Document Type


Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Science in Chemical Engineering - (M.S.)


Chemical Engineering


Flow tests through beds of unconsolidated sand, glass beads and 1/4 inch Berl saddles showed that wide variations in the surface tension of a fluid had no significant effect on its flowrate through the bed. Viscosity and density were the only fluid properties affecting such flow. Excellent comparative results were observed between the flowrates through sand beds and those predicted by the Leva equation.

The complex Brownell and Katz equation for predicting the residual saturation of a packed bed was found to apply for fluids having a much wider range of surface tension than those originally used to derive their equation.

A new relationship of greater utility than the Brownell and Katz equation was derived for predicting the residual saturation of a packed bed. It permits the direct calculation of residual saturation without the need of secondary or auxiliary graphs. The new equation is as follows:

Sr = 1/30.2 ((D2φ2x3ΔP)/(1-x)2γL)-9-0.365

Operating holdup of a packed column was found to depend solely upon the flowrate and was not a function of fluid surface tension as contended by Jesser and Elgin.



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