Date of Award
Master of Science in Chemical Engineering - (M.S.)
Chemical Engineering and Chemistry
Dimitrios P. Tassios
Richard Clyde Parker
Barbara B. Kebbekus
The thermodynamic properties of solutions of electrolytes may be accurately determined by the measurement of the activity of the s6lvent. when the. solute is nonvolatile, this quantity may be obtained from measurements of the lowering of the vapor pressure caused by the presence of the dissolved solute.
An experimental method has been devised to measure this effect using a semi-conventional Othmer Still. The experimental apparatus has been constructed. and evaluated. Data has been-obtained for the vapor pressure lowering of methanol due to the presence of dissolved electrolyte for five different electrolyte-methanol systems. An extrapolation technique was developed to make use of the data at higher concentrations for extrapolation to infinite dilution. This technique has been applied to the five systems to give the activity coefficients for each system as a function of concentration.
Bixon, Eric Robert, "The thermodynamics of electrolytic solutions" (1975). Theses. 2111.