Date of Award
Master of Science in Chemical Engineering - (M.S.)
Chemical Engineering, Chemistry and Environmental Science
Wing T. Wong
Richard Clyde Parker
Taylor-Aris dispersion theory is extended to the laminar tube flow of Carreau model fluids and Ellis model fluids and the results are compared with those of power law fluids. It is found that Carreau and Ellis models are more appropriate than power-law model, especially at low pressure gradient.
An exact solution to the unsteady convective diffusion equation in fully developed laminar flow in tube is obtained by applying the generalized dispersion theory of Gill and Sankarasubramanian for Ellis model. The results are compared with those obtained by Booras and Krantz for power-law model. The most interesting result of this work is that the power law is valid only at high shear stress, whereas Ellis model allows the prediction of dispersion coefficient and meansolute distribution over much wider range of external pressure gradient.
Huang, Yeong-Hua, "Dispersion in the laminar flow of Ellis model fluids through straight tubes" (1986). Theses. 1994.