Document Type


Date of Award

Spring 5-31-1999

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Computing Sciences - (Ph.D.)


Computer and Information Science

First Advisor

Peter A. Ng

Second Advisor

Gary L. Thomas

Third Advisor

Daochuan Hung

Fourth Advisor

Franz J. Kurfess

Fifth Advisor

Ronald S. Curtis


Document processing is a critical element of office automation. Document image processing begins from the Optical Character Recognition (OCR) phase with complex processing for document classification and extraction. Document classification is a process that classifies an incoming document into a particular predefined document type. Document extraction is a process that extracts information pertinent to the users from the content of a document and assigns the information as the values of the “logical structure” of the document type. Therefore, after document classification and extraction, a paper document will be represented in its digital form instead of its original image file format, which is called a frame instance. A frame instance is an operable and efficient form that can be processed and manipulated during document filing and retrieval. This dissertation describes a system to support a complete procedure, which begins with the scanning of the paper document into the system and ends with the output of an effective digital form of the original document. This is a general-purpose system with “learning” ability and, therefore, it can be adapted easily to many application domains.

In this dissertation, the “logical closeness” segmentation method is proposed. A novel representation of document layout structure - Labeled Directed Weighted Graph (LDWG) and a methodology of transforming document segmentation into LDWG representation are described. To find a match between two LDWGs, string representation matching is applied first instead of doing graph comparison directly, which reduces the time necessary to make the comparison. Applying artificial intelligence, the system is able to learn from experiences and build samples of LDWGs to represent each document type. In addition, the concept of frame templates is used for the document logical structure representation. The concept of Document Type Hierarchy (DTH) is also enhanced to express the hierarchical relation over the logical structures existing among the documents.



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