Date of Award

Spring 1998

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Electrical Engineering - (Ph.D.)


Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Alexander Haimovich

Second Advisor

Nirwan Ansari

Third Advisor

Yeheskel Bar-Ness

Fourth Advisor

Hongya Ge

Fifth Advisor

Stuart C. Schwartz


This dissertation studies applications of adaptive antenna arrays and space-time adaptive processing (STAP) in wireless code-division multiple-access (CDMA) communications. The work addresses three aspects of the CDMA communications problems: (I) near-far resistance, (2) reverse link, (3) forward link. In each case, adaptive arrays are applied and their performance is investigated.

The near-far effect is a well known problem which affects the reverse link of CDMA communication systems. The near-far resistance of STAP is analyzed for two processing methods: maximal ratio combining and optimum combining. It. is shown that while maximal ratio combining is not near-far resistant, optimum combining is near-far resistant when the number of cochannel interferences is less than the system dimensionality. The near-far effect can be mitigated by accurate power control at the mobile station. With practical limitations, the received signal power at a base station from a power-controlled user is a random variable clue to power control error. The statistical model of signal-to-interference ratio at the antenna array output of a base station is presented, and the outage probability of the CDMA reverse link is analyzed while considering Rayleigh fading, voice activity and power control error. New analytical expressions are obtained and demonstrated by computer simulations. For the application of an adaptive antenna. array at the forward link, a receiver architecture is suggested for the mobile station that utilizes a small two-antenna array For interference suppression. Such a receiver works well only when the channel vector of the desired signal is known. The identifying spreading codes (as in IS-95A for example) are used to provide an adaptive channel vector estimate, and control the beam steering weight, hence improve the receiver performance. Numerical results are presented to illustrate the operation of the proposed receiver model and the improvement in performance and capacity.