Date of Award

Summer 2016

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Computing Sciences - (Ph.D.)

Department

Computer Science

First Advisor

Chase Qishi Wu

Second Advisor

Cristian Borcea

Third Advisor

Alexandros V. Gerbessiotis

Fourth Advisor

Xiaoning Ding

Fifth Advisor

Yi Chen

Abstract

Many extreme-scale scientific applications generate colossal amounts of data that require an increasing number of processors for parallel processing. The research in this dissertation is focused on optimizing the performance of data-intensive parallel scientific visualization and computing.

In parallel scientific visualization, there exist three well-known parallel archi­tectures, i.e., sort-first/middle/last. The research in this dissertation studies the composition stage of the sort-last architecture for scientific visualization and proposes a generalized method, namely, Grouping More and Pairing Less (GMPL), for order-independent image composition workflow scheduling in sort-last parallel rendering. The technical merits of GMPL are two-fold: i) it takes a prime factorization-based approach for processor grouping, which not only obviates the common restriction in existing methods on the total number of processors to fully utilize computing resources, but also breaks down processors to the lowest level with a minimum number of peers in each group to achieve high concurrency and save communication cost; ii) within each group, it employs an improved direct send method to narrow down each processor’s pairing scope to further reduce communication overhead and increase composition efficiency. The performance superiority of GMPL over existing methods is evaluated through rigorous theoretical analysis and further verified by extensive experimental results on a high-performance visualization cluster.

The research in this dissertation also parallelizes the over operator, which is commonly used for α-blending in various visualization techniques. Compared with its predecessor, the fully generalized over operator is n-operator compatible. To demonstrate the advantages of the proposed operator, the proposed operator is applied to the asynchronous and order-dependent image composition problem in parallel visualization.

In addition, the dissertation research also proposes a very-high-speed pipeline-based architecture for parallel sort-last visualization of big data by developing and integrating three component techniques: i) a fully parallelized per-ray integration method that significantly reduces the number of iterations required for image rendering; ii) a real-time over operator that not only eliminates the restriction of pre-sorting and order-dependency, but also facilitates a high degree of parallelization for image composition.

In parallel scientific computing, the research goal is to optimize QR decom­position, which is one primary algebraic decomposition procedure and plays an important role in scientific computing. QR decomposition produces orthogonal bases, i.e.,“core” bases for a given matrix, and oftentimes can be leveraged to build a complete solution to many fundamental scientific computing problems including Least Squares Problem, Linear Equations Problem, Eigenvalue Problem. A new matrix decomposition method is proposed to improve time efficiency of parallel computing and provide a rigorous proof of its numerical stability.

The proposed solutions demonstrate significant performance improvement over existing methods for data-intensive parallel scientific visualization and computing. Considering the ever-increasing data volume in various science domains, the research in this dissertation have a great impact on the success of next-generation large-scale scientific applications.

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