Date of Award

Fall 2004

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Electrical Engineering - (Ph.D.)


Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Alexander Haimovich

Second Advisor

Yeheskel Bar-Ness

Third Advisor

Ali Abdi

Fourth Advisor

Roy R. You

Fifth Advisor

Javier Garcia-Frias


Multiple input multiple output (MIMO) systems can provide high diversity, high data rate or a mix of both, for wireless communications. This dissertation combines both modes and suggests analyses and techniques that advance the state of the art of MIMO systems. Specifically, this dissertation studies turbo space-time coding schemes for MIMO systems.

Before the designs of turbo space-time codes are presented, a fundamental tool to analyze and design turbo coding schemes, the extrinsic information transfer (EXIT) chart method, is extended from the binary/nonbinary code case to coded modulation case. This extension prepares the convergence analysis for turbo space-time code.

Turbo space-time codes with symbols precoded by randomly chosen unitary time variant linear transformations (TVLT) are investigated in this dissertation. It is shown that turbo codes with TVLT achieve full diversity gain and good coding gain with high probability. The probability that these design goals are not met is shown to vanish exponentially with the Hamming distance between codewords (number of different columns). Hence, exhaustive tests of the rank and the determinant criterion are not required. As an additional benefit of the application of TVLT, with the removal of the constant modulation condition, it is proved that throughput rates achieved by these codes are significantly higher than the rates achievable by conventional space-time codes. Finally, an EXIT chart analysis for turbo space-time codes with TVLT is developed, with application to predicting frame error rate (FER) performance without running full simulation.

To increase the data rate of turbo-STC without exponentially increasing the decoding complexity, a multilevel turbo space-time coding scheme with TVLT is proposed. An iterative joint demapping and decoding receiver algorithm is also proposed.

For MIMO systems with a large number of transmit antennas, two types of layered turbo space-time (LTST) coding schemes are studied. For systems with low order modulation, a type of LTST with a vertical encoding structure and a low complexity parallel interference cancellation (PlC) receiver is shown to achieve close to capacity performance. For high order modulation, another type of LTST with a horizontal encoding structure, TVLT, and an ordered successive interference cancellation (OSIC) receiver is shown to achieve better performance than conventional layered space-time coding schemes, where ordering is not available in the SIC detection.