Date of Award

Fall 2015

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Civil Engineering - (Ph.D.)

Department

Civil and Environmental Engineering

First Advisor

Taha F. Marhaba

Second Advisor

Methi Wecharatana

Third Advisor

John R. Schuring

Fourth Advisor

Dorairaja Raghu

Fifth Advisor

Wei Wang

Abstract

The technique of using Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) materials to repair and strengthen various concrete members has become popular in the structural retrofitting field as an effective way to enhance the strength and ductility of concrete members due to its superior mechanical properties. In this study a method was introduced to study the behavior of concrete columns with and without CFRP jackets under constant axial load and variable lateral load. The lateral load was applied monotonically and cyclically. To predict the behavior of concrete columns under monotonic and cyclic compressive loadings, a computer code was developed to produce the moment-curvature diagram for concrete sections. The moment-curvature diagram was then input in SAP2000 to study the behavior of reinforced concrete columns. The result of this analysis was found to correlate with experimental data well.

The behavior of high-strength concrete (HSC) columns having various properties and subjected to a variety of loading conditions has been the topic of considerable investigation. Of particular significance in this area is the behavior of HSC columns under cyclic compressive load with bidirectional eccentricity. For the experimental investigation, tests of six square slender HSC columns were conducted under stroke control to achieve both ascending and descending branches of the load-deformation curves.

Analysis of HSC columns subjected to cyclic axial compression with bidirectional eccentricity was approached from the standpoint of a three-dimensional problem. A computer program based on the extended finite segment method and accounting for geometrical nonlinearity has been proposed here to predict the load-deflection curves of HSC columns under cyclical loading. The HSC stress-strain relationship obtained by parametric study and experimental investigation into the behavior of concrete under cyclical load history has been incorporated into the numerical procedure.

The presented computer analysis results have been compared with the experimental data, and a satisfactory agreement was attained for both the ascending and descending branches of the load-deformation curves.

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