Date of Award

Spring 2004

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Electrical Engineering - (Ph.D.)

Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Yeheskel Bar-Ness

Second Advisor

Ali Abdi

Third Advisor

Alexander Haimovich

Fourth Advisor

Eliza Zoi-Heleni Michalopoulou

Fifth Advisor

Ravi K. Narasimhan

Abstract

Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is a promising technique which has high spectrum efficiency and the robustness against channel frequency selectivity. One drawback of OFDM is its sensitivity to phase noise. It has been shown that even small phase noise leads to significant performance loss of OFDM. Therefore, phase noise effects on OFDM systems need to be analyzed and methods be provided to its mitigation.

Motivated by what have been proposed in the literature, the exact signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR) is derived in this dissertation for arbitrary phase noise levels. In a multiple access environment with multiple phase noise, the closed form of bit error rate (BER) performance is derived as a function of phase noise parameters.

Due to the detrimental effects of phase noise on OFDM, phase noise mitigation is quite necessary. Several schemes are proposed to mitigate both single and multiple phase noise. It is shown that, while outperforming conventional methods, these schemes have the performance close to no-phase-noise case. Two general approaches are presented which extend the conventional schemes proposed in the literature, making them special cases of these general approaches. Moreover, different implementation techniques are also presented. Analytical and numerical results are provided to compare the performance of these migitation approaches and implementation techniques.

Similar to OFDM, an OFDM system with multiple antennas, i.e., Multiple Input. Multiple Output (MIMO)-OFDM, also suffer severe performance degradation due to phase noise, and what have been proposed in the literature may not be applicable to MIMO-OFDM. Therefore, a new scheme is proposed to mitigate phase noise for MIMO-OFDM, which provides significant performance gains over systems without phase noise mitigation. This scheme provides a very simple structure and achieves adequate performance with high spectrum efficiency, which makes it very attractive for practical implementations.

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