Date of Award

Spring 2004

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Electrical Engineering - (Ph.D.)

Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Hongya Ge

Second Advisor

Yeheskel Bar-Ness

Third Advisor

Alexander Haimovich

Fourth Advisor

Ali Abdi

Fifth Advisor

Chengjun Liu

Abstract

This dissertation focuses on topics of data transmission and detection of space -time block codes (STBC). The STBCs can be divided into two main categories, namely, the orthogonal space-time block codes (OSTBC) and the quasi-orthogonal space-time codes (Q-OSTBC). The space-time block coded systems from transceiver design perspective for both narrow-band and frequency selective wireless environment are studied. The dissertation also processes and studies a fast iterative detection scheme for a high-rate space-time transmission system, the V-BLAST system.

In Chapter 2, a new OSTBC scheme with full-rate and full-diversity, which can be used on QPSK transceiver systems with four transmit antennas and any number of receivers is studied. The newly proposed coding scheme is a non-linear coding. Compared with full-diversity QOSTBC, an obvious advantage of our proposed new OSTBC is that the coded signals transmitted through all four transmit antennas do not experience any constellation expansion.

In Chapter 3, a new fast coherent detection algorithm is proposed to provide maximum likelihood (ML) detection for Q-OSTBC. The new detection scheme is also very useful to analysis the diversity property of Q-OSTBC and design full diversity Q-OSTBC codes. The complexity of the new proposed detection algorithm can be independent to the modulation order and is especially suitable for high data rate transmission.

In Chapter 4, the space-time coding schemes in frequency selective channels are studied. Q-OSTC transmission and detection schemes are firstly extended for frequency selective wireless environment. A new block based quasi-orthogonal space-time block encoding and decoding (Q-OSTBC) scheme for a wireless system with four transmit antennas is proposed in frequency selective fading channels. The proposed MLSE detection scheme effectively combats channel dispersion and frequency selectivity due to multipath, yet still provides full diversity gain. However, since the computational complexity of MLSE detection increases exponentially with the maximum delay of the frequency selective channel, a fast sub-optimal detection scheme using MMSE equalizer is also proposed, especially for channels with large delays.

The Chapter 5 focuses on the V-BLAST system, an important high-rate space-time data transmission scheme. A reduced complexity ML detection scheme for VBLAST systems, which uses a pre-decoder guided local exhaustive search is proposed and studied. A polygon searching algorithm and an ordered successive interference cancellation (O-SIC) sphere searching algorithm are major components of the proposed multi-step ML detectors. At reasonable high SNRs, our algorithms have low complexity comparable to that of O-SIC algorithm, while they provide significant performance improvement. Another new low complexity algorithm termed ordered group-wise interference cancellation (O-GIC) is also proposed for the detection of high dimensional V-BLAST systems. The O-GIC based detection scheme is a sub-optimal detection scheme, however, it outperforms the O-SIC.

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