Document Type


Date of Award

Fall 1-31-2002

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Civil Engineering - (Ph.D.)


Civil and Environmental Engineering

First Advisor

M. Ala Saadeghvaziri

Second Advisor

William R. Spillers

Third Advisor

C.T. Thomas Hsu

Fourth Advisor

Methi Wecharatana

Fifth Advisor

Bala Sivakumar

Sixth Advisor

Ali M. Memari


Stiffening behavior can result from interaction between a structure (base system) and its surrounding environment as in the MSSS bridge soil-structure interaction. In this study, three MSSS bridge cases are parametrically analyzed and their dynamic characteristics and behavior are presented and discussed. Later, for investigating stiffening behavior, a simplified stiffening model is introduced and an extensive parametric study with more than 367,000 analyzed cases is performed. In the parametric study, different stiffening parameters (i.e., stiffness, strength, gap size, and mass), 41 strong motion records, and several damage criteria are considered and effects of the stiffening parameters variations on the dynamic response of simple stiffening systems are presented. It is shown that on the average the displacement response is lower for stiffening systems, consistent with pushover analysis based on the seismic codes. However, considering many other damage indices like dissipated hysteretic energy and low-cycle fatigue damage index, it is quite likely that a stiffening system would sustain more damage than an elastic-plastic system. At the end, suitable design response spectra for stiffening systems are developed and their practical implications for MSSS bridges are demonstrated.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.