Date of Award

Fall 2012

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Civil Engineering - (Ph.D.)

Department

Civil and Environmental Engineering

First Advisor

M. Ala Saadeghvaziri

Second Advisor

Bakhtiar Feizi

Third Advisor

C.T. Thomas Hsu

Fourth Advisor

Rajendra Navalurkar

Fifth Advisor

John R. Schuring

Sixth Advisor

Methi Wecharatana

Abstract

Through the development and usage of high-strength materials, the design of more flexible bridges is unavoidable. It is assumed that limiting a bridge static deflection would control the excessive vibration caused by more flexible design. However, results of prior studies indicate that deflection limits do not necessarily address bridges vibrational issue.

This dissertation addresses the parameters affecting bridge vibration and provides simple equations to compute bridge dynamic acceleration, velocity and displacement in both transient and steady state parts of the vibration. These equations can then be used to control bridges excessive vibration; and provide human comfort and structural performance.

A comprehensive analytical study was performed to evaluate dynamic response of bridges under a moving truck load. The effect of bridge dynamic parameters and vehicle moving conditions are investigated, which includes bridge frequency, damping ratio, span length, girders distance, bracing, support conditions, truck speed, load sequence, axle‘s weight, and number of spans. Bridge and vehicle k-parameters, which represent the number of vibration cycles before the next excitation occurs, are developed to better explain the vibrational behavior of a bridge. The proposed equations include bridge frequency, static deflection for one axle load, and k-parameters. Finally, a case study is presented to highlight the application of the new approach.

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