Date of Award

Fall 2016

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Electrical Engineering - (Ph.D.)

Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Leonid Tsybeskov

Second Advisor

Haim Grebel

Third Advisor

S. Mitra

Fourth Advisor

Hieu Pham Trung Nguyen

Fifth Advisor

Dong Kyun Ko

Abstract

Semiconductor nanowires are quasi-one-dimensional objects with unique physical properties and strong potential in nanophotonics, nanoelectronics, biosensing, and solar cell devices. The next challenge in the development of nanowire functional structures is the nanowire axial heterojunctions, especially lattice mismatched heterojunctions. Si and Ge have a considerable lattice mismatch of ~ 4.2% as well as a mismatch in the coefficient of thermal expansion, and the formation of a Si1-xGex transition layer at the heterointerface creates a non-uniform strain and modifies the band structures of the adjacent Si and Ge nanowire segments. These nanostructures are produced by catalytic chemical vapor deposition employing vapor-liquid-solid mechanism on (111) oriented p-type Si substrate, and they exhibit unique structural properties including highly localized strain, and short-range interdiffusion/intermixing revealed by transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. Our studies of the structural properties of axial Si-Ge nanowire heterojunctions show that despite the 4.2% lattice mismatch between Si and Ge they can be grown without a significant density of structural defects. The lattice mismatch induced strain is partially relieved due to spontaneous SiGe intermixing at the heterointerface during growth and lateral expansion of the Ge segment of the nanowire, which is in part due to a higher solubility of Ge in metal precursors. The mismatch in Ge and Si coefficients of thermal expansion and low thermal conductivity of Si/Ge nanowire heterojunctions are proposed to be responsible for the thermally induced mechanical stress detected under intense laser radiation.

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