Document Type


Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Chemistry - (Ph.D.)


Chemistry and Environmental Science

First Advisor

S. Mitra

Second Advisor

Tamara M. Gund

Third Advisor

Robert Benedict Barat

Fourth Advisor

Yuanwei Zhang

Fifth Advisor

Mengyan Li


The fabrication of flexible nickel-zinc batteries using a facile mixing of electroactive components for electrode preparation is presented. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is found to be an effective binder by reducing concentration polarization, providing chemical/physical stability and enhancing flexibility. The zinc electrode containing PTFE maintains its original porous morphology even after hundreds of cycles while polymers such as PEO show morphology change. Each component, as well as the assembled flexible cells show desired flexibility and stability even under bending conditions.

The fabrication of flexible nickel-iron batteries using printable composite electrodes embedded with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNT) is also presented. All the metal oxides composites are one-step prepared by precipitation method of the metal oxides on the CNTs. After the deposition process, high loading ratio of conductive materials increases the efficiency of electroactive materials. Compared with Ni(OH)2-CNT, β-NiOOH increases FexO-CNT discharging voltage in flexible cells. All the components of flexible cells show good performance under bending conditions and even deeply bending conditions. Under low discharging currents, the Ni-Fe flexible battery shows a specific capacity of more than 300 mAh g-1 in 6 M KOH electrolyte saturated with LiOH, and 5% Co(NO3)2 in anode formulation. Furthermore, nickel-iron cell with FexO-CNT25.7 composite presents better results than using mixed Fe2O3 nickel-iron cell. Nickel-iron cells have better performance than nickel-zinc cells in rope batteries.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.