Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Environmental Engineering - (Ph.D.)


Civil and Environmental Engineering

First Advisor

Michel Boufadel

Second Advisor

Taha F. Marhaba

Third Advisor

Fadi A. Karaa

Fourth Advisor

Bruno M. Goncalves da Silva

Fifth Advisor

Zeyuan Qiu


The vulnerability of urban populations to natural hazards and climate change is a major theme in many reports on coastal cities with flooding ranking highly among the climate change concerns. Flooding could occur as a result of runoff for inland rainfall that accumulates at the mouth of the estuary to the sea or it could occur due to a storm surge emanating from the ocean. The techniques for modeling the flooding from these events are very different, as they were developed in different scientific fields: hydrology and hydraulic engineering for inland rainfall versus coastal oceanography and coastal engineering for offshore storms. Therefore, there is no framework to combine the two approaches. Many studies have been conducted to show that there is a high probability of co-occurrence for these two events which is so-called compound flooding. Therefore, this research sought to provide a holistic framework that combines the two approaches.