Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy in Electrical Engineering - (Ph.D.)
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Radio frequency sources are observed at a fusion center via sensor measurements made over slow flat-fading channels. The number of sources may be larger than the number of sensors, but their activity is sparse and intermittent with bursty transmission patterns. To account for this, sources are modeled as hidden Markov models with known or unknown parameters. The problem of blind source estimation in the absence of channel state information is tackled via a novel algorithm, consisting of a dictionary learning (DL) stage and a per-source stochastic filtering (PSF) stage. The two stages work in tandem, with the latter operating on the output produced by the former. Both stages are designed so as to account for the sparsity and memory of the sources. To this end, smooth LASSO is integrated with DL, while the forward-backward algorithm and Expectation Maximization (EM) algorithm are leveraged for PSF. It is shown that the proposed algorithm can enhance the detection and the estimation performance of the sources, and that it is robust to the sparsity level and average duration of transmission of the source signals.
Dong, Annan, "Blind separation for intermittent sources via sparse dictionary learning" (2019). Dissertations. 1399.