Document Type

Dissertation

Date of Award

Fall 1-31-1995

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Electrical Engineering - (Ph.D.)

Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Ali N. Akansu

Second Advisor

Alexander Haimovich

Third Advisor

Zoran Siveski

Fourth Advisor

Dionissios Karvelas

Fifth Advisor

To Russell Hsing

Abstract

The aim of this dissertation is to study the common features of block transforms, subband filter banks, and wavelets, and demonstrate how discrete uncertainty can be applied to evaluate these different decomposition techniques. In particular, we derive an uncertainty bound for discrete-time functions. It is shown that this bound is the same as that for continuous-time functions, if the discrete-time functions have a certain degree of regularity.

This dissertation also deals with spectral modeling in filter banks. It is shown, both theoretically and experimentally, that subspectral modeling is superior to full spectrum modeling if performed before the rate change. The price paid for this performance improvement is an increase of computations. A few different signal sources were considered in this study. It is shown that the performances of AR and ARMA modeling techniques are comparable in subspectral modeling. The first is desired because of its simplicity. As an application of AR modeling, a coding algorithm of speech, namely CELP embedded in a filter bank structure was also studied. We found that there were no improvements of subband CELP technique over the full band one. The theoretical reasonings of the experimental results are also given.

This dissertation also addresses the problems of what type of transform to be used and to what extent an image should be decomposed. To this aim, an objective and subjective evaluations of different transform bases were done.

We propose a smart algorithm for the decomposition of a channel into its sub-channels in the discrete multitone communications. This algorithm evaluates the unevenness and energy distribution of the channel spectrum in order to get its Variable adaptive partitioning. It is shown that the proposed algorithm leads to a near optimal performance of the discrete multitone transceiver. This flexible splitting of the channel suffers less from the aliasing problem that exists in blind decompositions using fixed transforms. This dissertation extends the discrete multitone to the flexible multiband concept which brings significant performance improvements for digital communications.

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