Document Type


Date of Award

Spring 1994

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Electrical Engineering - (Ph.D.)


Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Kenneth Sohn

Second Advisor

Roy H. Cornely

Third Advisor

Haim Grebel

Fourth Advisor

James M. Grow

Fifth Advisor

Walter F. Kosonocky

Sixth Advisor

Richard Lareau


The study of methods to prepare paraelectric perovskite PLT (Pb1-xLaxTi1-x/4O3; x=0.28) thin films has been important because thin films of this high dielectric strength material are required to make high density capacitors for dynamic random access memory. In this research, paraelectric PLT thin films were prepared on multi-layer (Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si) and MgO substrates in a unique way by the reactive magnetron sputtering method using a multi-component metal target. The individual control of each metal area on the sputtering target had considerable influence on the stoichiometry and electrical properties of the thin films. The effect of post-deposition annealing on as-deposited amorphous PLT films was studied as a function of temperature in the range of 450 °C to 750 °C. The interdependent relationship of the composition, crystalline structure and surface morphology in the films was studied as a function of annealing conditions. The chemical composition of the as-deposited and annealed films was measured by Rutherford back-scattering (RBS) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES). The composition of PLT (28) thin film was: Pb, 0.73; La, 0.28; Ti, 0.88; 0, 2.9.

The dielectric constant ([epsilon]r) and dissipation factor (tan [delta]) at low electric field measurement (500 V/cm) of the capacitors with the highest dielectric properties were 1216 and 0.018, respectively. Single crystal film at 650 °C were smooth and had the lowest leakage current density, 0.1 μA/cm2, at the electric field of 0.25 MV/cm. However, the highest dielectric constant, 1216, and the highest charge storage density, 12.5 μC/cm2, obtained with an annealing temperature of 750 °C. The research showed that magnetron sputtering can be used to prepare paraelectric perovskite PLT (28) thin films with high dielectric constant, large charge storage density and relatively low leakage current for capacitor applications in active DRAM cells.